Not many amphibians live in the Czech Republic. Therefore, we need to protect their habitats and ensure that these rare creatures can live in the future. Amphibians usually lay their eggs in water and develop larvae in this aquatic environment. When the larva metamorphoses into an adult, a so-called metamorphosis occurs, and the individual lives mostly on dry land. The body temperature of amphibians is not constant. Their body temperature varies with the temperature of their environment. [Our territory is inhabited by newts and seven species of cuttlefish.
žlutočerný mlok
Spotted newt
A caecilian amphibian with a black body color and yellow to orange spots. They grow to 19-28 cm in size. They can be found in moist deciduous forests, grasslands, and near waterways. However, in sunny weather, they hide under rocks, leaves, and logs during the day. They are nocturnal and emerge at this time of day. The most likely time to see them during the day is when it rains. They feed on worms, spiders, and insects of all kinds. What makes this amphibian unique is that it has venom in its parotid gland, back and tail. This venom is used to defend against attacks.

It is the most common species of boatman. The body coloration differs between males and females. Males are mostly green and females are mostly brown. The body is mottled. Movable crests are present on the back and tail. Feeds on insects, insect larvae, worms, spiders… Eats insects, insect larvae, earthworms, spiders… Can be found in parks, grasslands, deciduous forests, and near human settlements.
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Mountain plover
There are terrestrial and aquatic forms of this species, which differ in appearance. They live in the water during the breeding season, otherwise they hide on land during the day and go hunting the day before. The mountain plover is found mainly in mountainous areas near moist forests and waterways.
In addition to these two species, the Czech landscape is also inhabited by the great spotted woodpecker, the great spotted woodpecker, the Carpathian woodpecker, the striped woodpecker, and the Danube woodpecker.